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Endangered Animals around the World

Written by:

Regina Dideles and Cheyenne Torres


What are Endangered Species?

  • A species that is likely to become extinct in the near future.

  • Species are added to the endangered list due to their habitat being threatened or destroyed

Environmental Factors

  • temperature

  • food

  • pollutants

  • population density

  • Loss of habitat

  • Loss of Genetic Variation


1. Africa - Mountain gorilla

They are the subspecies of the Eastern Gorilla. They live in forests high in mountains of 8,000 to 13,000 feet. They have thick fur compared to other great apes which helps them to survive in a habitat where temperatures often drop below freezing. They reside in countries such as the Dominican Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda. The population is close to 1000 wild mountain gorillas


Threats

  • Lost pet trade and illegal hunting

  • Civil war and the interest of foreign oil companies

  • Zoo owners pay people to kidnap baby mountain gorillas and kill their parents in the process

  • Clearing mountain gorilla habitats for human settlements

  • Fragmentation of areas

How to help

Donate money to organizations that work on conserving the species like the MGVP who finds efficient methods for protecting mountain gorillas.


2. Asia - Sunda Pangolin (Manis javanica)

They are listed as “critically endangered” in IUCN’s Red List. They are also the most widely distributed species of pangolin in Southeast Asia. They are mostly covered in thick scales of keratin that protect their bodies from predators like leopards. They climb trees to reach ant nests, using their prehensile tails to cling to branches. During the day, they sleep in tree hollows or burrows.


Threats

  • Pangolin meat is often served as a delicacy in upmarket restaurants throughout Southeast Asia and China.

  • Pangolin scales are also used as an ingredient in traditional Asian medicines

  • “most trafficked mammal in the world”

How to help

  • Coordinate and cooperate with local Indonesian Government Officials

  • Encourage courts and prosecutors to give severe penalties for the perpetrators of the possession and trade of Pangolin

  • Encourage the Indonesian government to complete the revision of the law concerning the Conservation of Natural Resources and their Ecosystems.

3. North America - Franklin's bumblebees

They are considered to be critically endangered. This bee species has such a vital role in the pollination of many wildflowers.


Threats

  • Habitat degradation and pesticides

  • increasing frequency of hotter temperatures and drying out habitats


How to help

  • Provide pollen and nectar for food for the bumblebees especially during early spring through late fall

  • Ensure that the bumblebees have nesting sites such as underground holes

  • Protect the hibernation habitat

  • Eliminate the use of pesticides

4. Antarctica - Tristan Wandering Albatross (Diomedea dabbenena)

One of the Great Albatrosses, it is the third rarest Albatross species, restricted to breeding on Gough and Inaccessible Islands in the Tristan da Cunha Islands. They are surface feeders, catching squid, fish, and marine mollusks. These biennial breeders return to their open mountain plateau nesting sites in November, with eggs laid from January, chicks hatching in March, with parents protecting vulnerable young through the winter until they fledge in November / December.


Threats

  • Its main habitat was originally on the high plateau on Tristan da Cunha, where it was hunted for food by Islanders in the 19th Century.

How to help

  • Coordinate with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and Regional Fisheries.

  • An aim of conservationists is to breed on its home island, hopefully heralded by the extermination of rats and mice.

5. South America - Jaguar

The Amazon jaguars are one of the endangered species of the Amazon rainforest. Their fur is usually tan or orange with black spots, called "rosettes'' because they are shaped like roses. They are also the largest feline in South America and are good swimmers who have nocturnal habits.


Threats

  • Habitat loss

  • Fragmentation (splitting of cells into two parts and making new bodies)

  • Amazon Rainforest is constantly being destroyed by wildfires

How to help

  • Lower human activity and threats to jaguars

  • Protect the habitat

  • Get rid of fears about jaguars in communities through education

  • Provide landowners with concrete strategies and methods that reduce conflict

  • Reforesting surrounding areas

  • Help maintain their natural prey populations


6. Europe - European Hamster (Cricetus cricetus)

They are found in burrowing grasslands across Europe and West Asia. In winter, these hibernators burrow holes more than six feet deep, where they snuggle up warm and insulated by the snow cover. They are important to conserve because they’re a keystone species, serving as critical prey for a host of predators.


Threats

  • Protein and vitamin B3 deficiency

  • expansion of monoculture plantations

  • industrial development

  • global warming

  • light pollution

How to Help

  • Build fences or nets around their new habitat for a few months can protect them while they acclimate

  • Work with farmers to create more hamster-friendly croplands

  • Encourage farmers to reduce their frequency of ploughing and pesticide use.

7. Oceania - Gouldian Finch

They are one of the most beautiful small birds in the world. Fire plays a large role in their survival. In the dry season, they are dependent on controlled fires to burn the undergrowth so that they can find seeds on the ground to feed on. In the wet season, they prefer to live in areas that have been burned in the previous dry season. They also produce new growth with seeds for food.


Threats

  • inappropriate fire regimes

  • cattle grazing

  • feral predators


How to Help

  • Volunteering to become involved in water hole monitoring of Gouldian Finches

  • Protecting the habitat of all the native species including the Gouldian Finch






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